Understanding The Types of Septic Systems Available in Georgia

Municipal sewer is not available for many rural tracts of land. In this case a septic system will be the only option available for your sanitary needs. There are several types of septic systems that are commonly installed in Georgia. Here are some of the most common types of septic systems and situations for them:

Conventional Septic Systems: This is the most common type of septic system used in Georgia. It consists of a septic tank and a drain field, where the wastewater from the house is treated and released into the ground. Conventional septic systems work best in soil that is permeable and well-draining, allowing for proper absorption of the wastewater.

Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs): ATUs use oxygen to treat wastewater more efficiently than conventional septic systems. They are often used in areas with poor soil conditions or where there is a need for a higher level of treatment. ATU septic systems can be used in areas where the soil is too compact, doesn’t allow for good drainage, high water tables, shallow bedrock, or other site limitations. An ATU septic system may also be used in areas where there is limited space for a conventional system, as they typically require smaller drain fields.

Drip Disposal Systems: Drip disposal systems distribute wastewater through a series of small tubes that are buried in the soil. They are often used in areas with limited space or where the soil is not suitable for a conventional or ATU septic systems. Drip disposal septic systems require proper maintenance and regular servicing to ensure their continued operation and prevent system failure.

Mound Systems: Mound systems are used in areas where the soil is too shallow or too permeable for a conventional septic system. These conditions consist of areas with shallow bedrock, high water tables, or other site limitations. They consist of a raised mound of soil that is built above the natural soil surface, with a layer of sand and gravel beneath it to treat the wastewater.

Alternative Treatment Systems: There are many different types of alternative treatment systems that can be used in Georgia, including recirculating sand filters, constructed wetlands, and membrane bioreactors. These systems use advanced treatment processes to remove more contaminants from the wastewater before it is released into the ground. An alternative treatment septic system may be required in areas where the effluent must meet certain treatment standards, such as for discharge into sensitive waterways or for use in irrigation systems.

When choosing a septic system for your property in Georgia, it’s important to consider factors such as soil type, property size, and the number of people living in the home. Working with a licensed septic system installer can help ensure that you choose the right type of system for your needs and that it is installed and maintained properly. Some Georgia counties also offer septic site inspection and installation. There are also different levels of soil analysis that each Georgia county may require prior to issuing a septic system permit. We always utilize a preliminary Web soil analysis to get an idea of what to expect and areas to review when we visit a property. Mathis Land Group can help you with the steps needed to ensure your property is usable for your needs.